Synonymy of Eastern Woodland Tribal
Merchantville NJ 08109, USA
Originally published in Iroquois Wars
II (a similar, though abridged version appears in Iroquois Wars I), this synonymy
is useful for placing historical tribal names for otherwise well-known
eastern woodland tribes such as the Five Nations of the Iroquois
(Mohawks, Oneidas, Cayugas, Onondagas, and Senecas), Mahicans,
Abenakis, Micmacs, Ottawas, and numerous others. The names of obscure
or extinct tribes are also included. Please note that the tribal names
listed here are those which appear with frequency in the Jesuit
Relations or other 17th century French sources. Thus, familar
tribes like the Seminoles, Powhatan, Cherokee, etc. are not included.
Also, identities of many of these poorly-known tribes are still a
matter of scholarly debate. The citations included refer to the
Thwaites edition of the Jesuit Relations, 1896-1901.
Abenakis – Abenaquiois – Abnaquiois – Abnaquinois – Abnaki –
Wapanachki – Wabenakies: An Algonquian-speaking tribe of New Brunswick
and Maine (JR, 12:274, fn 22). Closely related to the Micmacs and
perhaps the same as the Etchemins. Later allies of the French. Enemies
of the Iroquois in 1647 (see JR, 31:195).
Arosaguntacook – Amirgankaniois – Eastern Abenaki
tribe of the Androscoggin River
A‘chawi, Nation of: unknown nation
Kennebec – Akenebek – Narantsouat: Eastern Abenaki tribe of
the Kennebec River
Penacook – Penagouc: Western Abenaki tribe of the Upper
Merrimack River in southern New Hampshire.
Sokokis – Socokis – Socoquiois – Sokokinois – Sokouckiois –
Sokoquiois – Sokoueki: A Western Abenaki tribe from the Saco River.
Occasional enemies of the Mohawks and the Algonquins at Sillery (See
JR, 24:311, fn 15).
Achirwachronnon, see Ojibwa: Achiligouan
Agniers/Agnierrhonons, see Iroquois: Mohawks
Agnongherronons, see Iroquois: Mohawks
Ahondihronons, see Neutrals: Aondinronons
Ahouenrochrhonons, see Wenros
Ahrendarrhonons, see Hurons: Nation of the Rock
Akenebek, see Abenaki: Kennebec
Algonquins – Algonquains – Algonkins: Both the name of a specific
tribe and also used more generally for any tribe that spoke Algonquian
languages. The Algonquins proper as they were known to the French were
primarily made up of the following tribal groupings:
Iroquet – also written Hiroquet, Hirocay, Iroquay,
and Yroquet – Onontchataronons (in Huron) – Ountchatarounoungas –
Ounountchatarounongak: the name of both the tribe and its chief (see
JR, 5:289, fn 52).
Alimiwec, see Illinois
Outaoukotwemiweks – Kotahoutouemi (JR, 18:258, fn 14).
Keinouche – Kinonchepiirinik: located south of Morrison’s
Island Nation – Nation de l’Isle – Island Algonquins –
Kichesipiirini (in Algonquian) – Kichesipiiriniouek –
Ehonkehronons (in Huron). Located around Allumettes Island in the
Ottawa River (see JR, 5:291, fn 57).
Matouweskarini – Mataouchkairinik: located on the Madawaska
Petite Nation – Ouescharini – Ouaouechkairiniouek: Originally
located on the northern tributaries of the Ottawa River (see JR, 5:291,
Amikouas – see Ojibwa: Amikwa
Amirgankaniois – see Abenaki: Arosaguntacook
Andarahi¸ronnons, tribe of unknown affiliations; perhaps a
subtribe of the Huron (cf. Ataronchronons, Arendaronons) or Neutral
Andaste/Andastoerrhonons, see Susquehannock
Andatahouats, see Ottawas
Aniers, see Iroquois: Mohawks
Anniengehronnons, see Iroquois: Mohawks
Aondironon, see Neutrals
Aoueatsiouaenrrhonons, see Winnebagoes
Arendarhonons, see Hurons: Nation of the Rock
Armouchiquois: A catch-all name for the New England coastal
Askicouaneronons, see Nipissings
Assistaeronnons, see Fire Nation, and Mascouten
Ataronchronnons, see Hurons:Nation of the Bog
Atchougek, see Ojibwa: Atchougek
Atiaonrek, an unknown tribe or subtribe perhaps located near the
Atignenongach, see Hurons: Nation of the Cord
Atiouandaronks, see Neutrals
Atiraguenrek, see Neutrals
Atirhangenrets, see Neutrals
Atiwandaronks, see Neutrals
Atontrata’ronnon: A poorly-known tribe, perhaps a
subdivision of the Algonquins
Atra’kwae – Atra’kwae’ronnons –
Trakwaehronnons: An unknown tribe or subtribe perhaps located near the
Neutrals or Susquehannocks.
Attignaouantans, see Hurons: Nation of the Bear
Attigneenongnahac, see Hurons: Nation of the Cord
Attiguenongha, see Hurons: Nation of the Cord
Attiniatoenten, see Hurons: Nation of the Cord
Attikameks – Attikamegues – Atikamegues – Attikamagues –
Poissons Blancs – Whitefish: An Algonquian-speaking tribe dwelling on
the upper St. Maurice River. Closely related to the Montagnais and
often at war with the Iroquois, by whom they were practically destroyed
in 1661. (9:307, fn 20)
Attiwandarons, see Neutrals
Aweatsiwaenrrhonons, see Winnebagoes
Awenrehronons, see Wenros
Beaver Nation, see Ojibwa: Amikwa
Bersiamites, see Montagnais
Bissiriniens, see Nipissings
Carantouans: A poorly known tribe perhaps located between the
Senecas and the Susquehannocks in northern Pennsylvania.
Cat Nation, see Eries.
Cayugas, see Iroquois: Cayugas
Chaouanaquiois: a tribe of New England whose affiliations are
Chaouanons, see Shawnee
Cheveux-Relevés, see Ottawas
Conestoga, see Susquehannocks
Conkhandeenrhonons: A poorly known Iroquoian-speaking tribe
perhaps living on the northern shore of Lake Ontario (see JR, 8:302, fn
Cree – Cri – Cristinaux – Kiristinon – Kilistinons: An
Algonquian speaking tribe from the interior of central Canada (JR,
18:259, fn 15). See also Maskasinik.
Abitibi – Outabitibek – Outabitibecs: A West Main
Cree tribe living around Lake Abitibi near Hudson Bay
Delawares – Loup: An Algonquian-speaking tribe inhabiting the
Lower Hudson River, western Long Island and the entire Delaware River.
Ehonkehronons, see Algonquins: Island Nation
Enskiaeronnons, see Ojibwa: Saulteaux
Entouhonorons, see Iroquois: Seneca
Eries – Nation of the Cat – Rhiierrhonons – Riguehronons –
Riquehronnons – Eriechronons – Ehriehronnons – Errieronons – Erigas: An
Iroquoian-speaking tribe or confederacy originally located on the
southeastern shore of Lake Erie. (see JR, 8:302, fn 34; see also JR,
21:191 & 313, fn 11).
Gentaguetehronnons – Gentagega: subdivision of the
Eriniouai, see Illinois
Eskiaeronnons, see Ojibwa: Saulteaux
Eskimaux, see Montagnais: Eskimaux
Etchemin – Etechemins – Etheminqui: an Algonquian-speaking
tribe, perhaps independent or a subdivision of the Abenaki or
Etiennontatehronnons, see Petun
Fire Nation – Assistaeronnons (in Huron) – Atsistagherronnons –
A catch-all term originally referring to a group of related tribes on
the Michigan Lower Peninsula, who were enemies of the Neutrals and the
Ottawas (see JR, 5:279, fn 19; see also JR, 27:27). The term was later
restricted to the Mascouten alone. See also Mascouten.
Fox – Outagami: An Algonquian-speaking tribe originally of the
Michigan Lower Peninsula.
Gandastogué, see Susquehannock
Gens Puants, see Winnebagoes
Gentagega, see Eries
Gentaguetehronnons, see Eries
Goyogouins, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Hirocay/Hiroquet, see Algonquin: Iroquet
Hiroquois, see Iroquois
Hurons – Ochasteguis – A large, sedentary, Iroquoian-speaking
confederacy located between Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe in fifteen or
more villages. Contact population approximately 30-40,000 (see JR,
16:225ff.). Destroyed and dispersed by the Iroquois in 1649–1650. See
entry for Wyandots.
Nation of the Bear – Attignaouantans – The most
important tribe of the Huron confederacy. Principle town was called
named Quieuindohian, Ossossané, or La Rochelle (French) (see JR,
fn 17; see also JR, 5:292, fn 60).
Illinois – Eriniouai – Irini – Ilinioues – Alimiwec: A
collection of Algonquian-speaking tribes originally situated along the
Illinois and Mississippi
Rivers (see JR, 18:259, fn 17).
Nation of the Bog – Ataronchronnons: A tribe of the Huron
Nation of the Cord – Attiguenongha – Atignenongach –
Attigneenongnahac – Attiniatoenten: A tribe of the Huron confederacy
closely aligned with the Nation of the Bear (see JR, 8:294, fn 23).
Nation of the Rock – Nation de la Roche – Arendarhonons –
Ahrendarrhonons – Arendae’ronnons – Arendageronon – Renarhonons:
Easternmost tribe of Hurons (see JR, 8:294, fn 24; see also 20:305, fn
Nation of the Deer – Tahonta¸enrat – Tohontahenrats: A
Huron tribe whose principal town was called Scanonaenrat (see JR,
8:303, fn 38).
Irini, see Illinois
Iroquay/Iroquets, see Algonquins
Iroquois – Irocois – Iroquoys – Hiroquois – Hyroquois –
Yroquois: The name for the confederacy of five sedentary tribes ranging
across central New York. For original locations, see the contact map
included with this volume.
Mohawks – Agnierrhonons – Agneehronons –
Agneehronnons – Agnongherronons – Anniengehronnons – Agniers – Aniers –
Annieneronens – Anniehronnons – Annie‘ronnons – Annieyer’onons – Moaghs
– “the people of the
flint” – Maquas (Dutch): Easternmost of the Iroquois tribes. Commonly
in war with their French and Indian neighbors throughout the 17th
Principle town was Ossernenon (also called Osserinon, Agnié,
Asserua, and later Cahniaga or Caughnawaga) (see JR, 8:300, fn 34).
Island Nation/Island Algonquins, see Algonquins
Oneidas – Oiotchronon – Onoiochronons – Oneiouchronons –
Onneichronnons – Onneioutheronnons – Oneiotchronon – Oneoutchoueronon –
Onneiohronnons – Oneiouts – Onneiouchtronons – Onneyouts: One of the
“younger brothers” of the Iroquois confederacy located near Oneida Lake
in central New York. Chief village named Ononjoté (see JR,
8:300, fn 34; see also JR, 27:275ff. and JR, 27:315, fn 23).
Onondagas – Onontaerrhonons – Onnontaes – Onontaeronons –
Onnontaeronnons – Onnondaetonnons – Onnontagués –
Onondáhka (in their own tongue): One of the most influential of
the Iroquois nations. Originally situated in
central New York between the Oneidas and Cayugas. Principal town and
Iroquois capital was called Onnontagué (see JR, 8:299, fn 34).
Cayugas – Onionenhronnons – Onioenhronnons – Ouioenrhonons –
Oiogeronon – Ouiogweronons – Oiogouanronnon – Oiogoen – Oiogouins –
Oiogouan – Goyogouins – Oiogoenheronnons – Wiogweronons: One of the
“younger brothers” of the Iroquois confederacy. Located west of the
Onondagas near Cayuga Lake. (see JR, 8:298, fn 34).
Senecas – Sonontoerrhonons – Sonnontoehronnons – Santweronons
– Sontouaheronnons – Entouhonorons (?) (Champlain) – Sonnontouans –
Sonnontweronnons – Sonnontaehronnon – Sonontwenronnons –
Tsonnontouans – Sinnekens (Dutch): the westernmost and also the largest
of the five Iroquois tribes. (see JR, 8:293, fn 21). Their major town
was called Sonontoen (also called Sonnontouan, Tsonnontouan, or
Tegarnhies) (see JR, 8:302, fn 35).
Kah-kwahs: A little-known Iroquoian speaking tribe possibly
located between the Senecas and the Neutrals. May have been a
subdivision of the Neutrals
or the Eries (see JR, 8:302, fn 34).
Kennebec, see Abenaki: Kennebec
Kepatawangachik, unknown Algonquian (?) tribe, possibly the
Khionontaterrhonons, see Petun
Kichesipiirini, see Algonquins: Island Nation
Kichkagoneiak, see Ottawa: Kiskakon
Kilistinons, see Cree
Kinonchepiirinik, see Algonquin: Keinouche
Kiskakons, see Ottawa: Kiskakon
Kotahoutouemi, see Algonquins
Loups, see Mahicans or Delawares
Machkoutench, see Mascouten.
Maganathicois, see Mahican
Mahicans – Maganathicois – Mahiganiouetch – Mahingan –
Mahinganak – Mahinganiois – Loups – Nation of the Wolves: An
Algonquian-speaking tribe or confederacy of tribes ranging from Western
Massachusetts to the Hudson River. Early trading partners of the Dutch
and sometime enemies of the Mohawks (see JR, 18:259, fn 18).
Malouminek, see Menominee
Maquas, see Iroquois: Mohawks
Maroumine, see Menominee
Mascouten – Mascoutins – Machkoutench – Assistaeronnons (in
Huron) – Atsistagherronnons – Assista Ectaeronnons – Nation of Fire: An
Algonquian-speaking tribe originally from the Lower Peninsula of
Maskasinik, Algonquian-speaking tribe of unknown affiliation;
possibly West Main Cree.
Mataouchkairinik, see Algonquin: Matouweskarini
Men of the Raised Hair, see Ottawa
Menominees – Maroumine – Malouminek – Oumalouminek – An
Algonquian-speaking tribe originally situated near Green Bay (see JR,
18:259, fn 17).
Miami – Oumami: An Algonquian-speaking tribe located at the
southern end of Lake Michigan.
Micmacs – Souriquois – Sourikois – Tarretines: An
Algonquin-speaking group of tribes originally situated on the Gaspe
peninsula, Nova Scotia, and
New Brunswick. Closely related to the Abenakis and often hostile to the
Minquas, see Susquehannocks
Michesaking, see Ojibwa: Mississauga
Mississauga, see Ojibwa
Mistasiriniens, see Montagnais: Mistassini
Moaghs, see Iroquois: Mohawks
Mohawks, see Iroquois
Mohegans/Mohicans, see Pequots
Montagnais – Montagnards: An Algonquian-speaking tribe mainly
located in and around Tadoussac at the mouth of the Saguenay on the St.
Bersiamites – Oumamiweks: A Montagnais subtribe
located on the northern tributaries of the St. Lawrence at the mouth of
the Betsiamites River (see JR, 18:257, fn 13).
Nadouessi/Nadouessioux, see Sioux
Eskimaux: A subtribe north of the Gulf of St. Lawrence at the
mouth of the Romaine River
Mistassini – Mistasiriniens: A subtribe living around Lake
Papinachois: A subtribe living on the upper Betsiamites River.
Piécouagami – A subtribe living near Lake St. John
Porcupine Nation – Kakouchac: A subtribe dwelling on the banks
of Lake St. John (see JR, 14: 287, fn 13; see also JR, 31:251).
Nadwechiwec, see Sioux
Nahiganiouetch, see Mahicans
Naiz Percez, see Ojibwa: Amikwa
Naraganses, see Narragansetts
Narantsouat, see Abenaki: Kennebec
Narragansetts – Naraganses: An Algonquian-speaking tribe west of
Nation de l’Isle, see Algonquins: Island Nation
Nation des Puans, see Winnebagoes
Nation of the Bear, see Hurons
Nation of the Bog, see Hurons
Nation of the Cat, see Eries
Nation of the Cord, see Hurons
Nation of the Rock/Nation de la Roche, see Hurons
Nation of the Sorcerers, see Nipissings
Nation of Stinkards, see Winnebagoes
Nation of Wolves, see Mahicans
Natwesix, see Sioux
Negaouichiriniouek, an Algonquian (?) tribe neighboring the
Potawatomi, possibly an Ottawa clan (see JR 73:175)
Neutrals – Atiwandaronks – Atiouandaronks – Attiwandarons –
Atiwendaronk: An Iroquoian-speaking confederacy of tribes originally
located west of the Niagara River. Destroyed by the Iroquois during the
1650s (see JR, 8:297, fn 34; see also JR, 8:304, fn 41; JR, 21:189; and
JR, 21:313, fn 11).
Aondironons – Ahondihronons – Ahondihronnons –
Ondieronii: A tribe of the Neutrals located nearest the Hurons.
Destroyed by the Senecas, 1648 (see JR, 18:259, fn 18).
Nez Perces, see Ottawa: Amikwa
Atiraguenrek – Atirhangenrets – A subtribe of the Neutrals
located on the Bernou map of 1680 west of Lake Ontario.
Onguiarahronons – Ongmarahronons – Niagagarega(?) – the
Niagara portion of the Neutrals (JR, 18:259, fn 18).
Nikikouek, see Ojibwa: Nikikouek
Nipissings – Nation of the Sorcerers – Bissiriniens –
Nipicirinien – Nipissiriniens – Askicouaneronons (in Huron): Tribe
originally located at
the lake of the same name north of Georgian Bay. Attacked and displaced
the Iroquois in the early 1650s. (see JR, 5:279, fn 18; see also JR,
Noquet, see Ojibwa
Noukek, see Ojibwa: Noquet
Noutchihout – Tribe of uncertain identification located on the
Lower Hudson; probably Minsi Delawares.
Ochasteguis, see Hurons
Oiogeronon, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Oiogouins, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Oiogouanronnon, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Oiotchronon, see Iroquois: Oneida
Achiligouan – Achirwachronnon (Huron): a subtribe
between Lake Nipissing and Georgian Bay
Ondassa¸anens, unknown tribe, possibly Susquehannock or
Iroquois (see JR, 73:195)
Amikwa – Naiz Percez (Nez Perces) – Beaver tribe – Amikouas –
Amiskou – Amikouek – Nation du Castor. situated on the north shore of
Georgian Bay (see JR, 10:322, fn 6).
Atchougek: subtribe located west of Georgian Bay
Mississauga – Oumisagai – Michesaking – Missisaki –
Aoechisaeronon (Huron) – Awechisae’ronnons: An Algonquian-speaking,
southeastern Ojibwa tribe
situated north of Lake Huron (see JR, 18:259, fn 16).
Nikikouek: subtribe located west of Lake Nipissing
Noquet – Noukek: subtribe located on the eastern end of Lake
Ouasouarini – Ouasaouanik: subtribe located on the
southeastern end of Georgian Bay
Saulteaux – Sauteurs – “People of the Great Sault” – Pagouitik
– Eskiaeronnons (Huron), Enskia¸’ronnons: a subtribe
at Sault St. Marie.
Ondatonateni, see Potawatomi
Ondataouaouats/Ondatawawak, see Ottawa
Ondieronii, see Neutrals: Aondironons
Oneidas, see Iroquois
Oneiouts/Oneiouchronons, see Iroquois: Oneidas
Oneronons, see Wenros
Ongmarahronons, see Neutrals
Onguiarahronons, see Neutrals
Onionenhronnons/Onioenhronnons, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Onneyouts, see Iroquois: Oneidas
Onnondaetonnons, see Iroquois: Onondagas
Onnontaes, see Iroquois: Onondagas
Onnontagués, see Iroquois: Onondagas
Onoiochronons, see Iroquois: Oneidas
Onontchataronons, see Algonquins: Iroquets
Onondaga, see Iroquois
Onondáhka, see Iroquois: Onondagas
Onontaerrhonons, see Iroquois: Onondagas
Ontôagannha – Ontwagannhas – Outouagannha – Touagenha –
Touaghannha – Fire Nation: A catch-all name used by the Iroquois for
the Algonquian-speakers to their west. See also Fire Nation, Shawnee
Ottawa – Outaouak – Outawak – Outawats – Outaouax – Outaëk
– Ouraouakmikoug – Men of the Raised Hair – Cheveux-Relevés –
Andatahouats (in Huron) – Ondataouaouats – Ondatawawak: A tribe
originally situated between Lake
Huron and Georgian Bay, including Manitoulin Island. (see JR, 14:284,
fn 9; see also JR, 33:273, fn 6). Also a catch-all term for the Upper
Algonquian tribes north of Lake Huron (e.g. Nipissing, Ojibwa)
Kiskakon – Kichkagoneiak – Kiskacoueiak –
Kichkankoueiak: subtribe living at Green Bay after the Huron dispersal
Ouakwiechiwek: unknown Algonquian-speaking (?) tribe of the
Nation of the Fork – Nassauakueton: subtribe of uncertain
Ouaouechkairiniouek, see Algonquin: Petite Nation
Ouasaouanik, see Ojibwa: Ouasouarini
Ouendat, see Hurons
Ouescharini, see Algonquins: Petite Nation
Ouinipigou, see Winnebagoes
Ouioenrhonons, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Ouiogweronons, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Oukiskimanitouk: unknown Algonquian-speaking tribe, possibly the
Oumalouminek, see Menominee
Oumamis, see Miami
Oumamiweks, see Montagnais: Bersiamites
Oumisagai, see Ojibwa: Mississauga
Ounountchatarounongak/Ountchatarounoungas, see Algonquins:
Oupouteouatamik, see Potawatomi
Ouraouakmikoug, see Ottawa
Ousaki, see Sauk
Outabitibek, see Cree: Abitibi
Outaëk, see Ottawa
Outagami, see Fox
Outaouak, see Ottawa
Outaoukotwemiweks, see Algonquins
Outawak/Outawats, see Ottawa
Ovenibigoutz, see Winnebagoes
Pagouitik, see Ojibwa: Saulteaux
Païsans: a unknown group, probably Algonquian
Papinachois, see Montagnais: Papinachois
Penagouc, see Abenaki: Penacook
Pequots – Mohicans – Mohegans – Mohighens – Morchigander: an
Algonquian-speaking tribe from the Connecticut area.
Petite Nation, see Algonquins: Petite Nation
Petun – Tobacco Nation – Khionontaterrhonons – Tionnontates –
Tionnontatehronnons – Etiennontatehronnons: An Iroquoian-speaking tribe
originally situated to the west of the Hurons near Georgian Bay.
Sometime allies and occasional enemies
of the Hurons. Nearly annihilated by the Iroquois, 1649–1650 (see JR,
fn 18). See also Wyandots.
Piécouagami, see Montagnais: Piécouagami
Pocumtuck – Pagamptagwe: An Algonquian-speaking tribe of western
Porcupine Nation, see Montagnais
Potawatomis – Pouutouatami – Oupouteouatamik – Pouteouatami –
Poutewat – Ondatonateni: An Algonquian-speaking tribe originally from
the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. (see JR, 18:259, fn 17; see also JR,
23:325, fn 7).
Puants, see Winnebagoes
Renarhonons, see Hurons: Nation of the Rock
Rhiierrhonons, see Eries
Riguehronons, see Eries
Santweronons, see Iroquois: Seneca
Sauk – Ousaki: An Algonquian-speaking triibe originally of the Michigan
Saulteaux, see Ojibwa
Sauteurs, see Ojibwa
Seneca, see Iroquois
Shawnee – Chaouanons: An Algonquian-speaking tribe of the Ohio
Sinnekens, see Iroquois: Seneca
Sioux – Nadouessi – Nadouessioux – Nadwesiou – Nadwesseronons –
Nadwechiwec – Natwesix – Lakota: A catch-all term for plains tribes
speaking Siouan languages.
Socokis, see Abenaki: Sokokis
Sonontoerrhonons, see Iroquois:Seneca
Sonnontouans, see Iroquois: Seneca
Sontouaheronnons, see Iroquois: Seneca
Sokokis, see Abenaki: Sokokis
Souriquois/Sourikois, see Micmacs
Susquehannocks – Andaste – Andasto¸e – Andastoeronnons –
Andastaeronnons – Andastogueronnons – Andastahoueronnons – Conestoga –
Gandastogué – Minquas (Dutch): An Iroquoian-speaking tribe or
confederation from central and southern Pennsylvania. Allies of the
Hurons and long-standing enemies of the Iroquois. (see JR, 8:301, fn 34)
Takoulguehronnons: an unknown tribe or subtribe perhaps located
near the Neutrals.
Tangwaonronnons – Tangouaen: an Algonquin subtribe or village,
probably located just west of Georgian Bay and north of Huron country
(see JR 36:247).
Tarretines, see Micmacs
Tionnontates, see Petun
Tobacco Nation, see Petun
Tohontahenrats, see Hurons: Nation of the Deer
Touagenha/Touaghannha, see Ontoagannha
Trakwaehronnons, see Atrakwae
Tsonnontouans, see Iroquois: Seneca
Wabenakies, see Abenakis
Wapanachk, see Abenakis
Wendats, see Wyandots
Wenros – Wenrôhronons – Oneronons – Ahouenrochrhonons –
Awenrherhonons: A small Iroquoian-speaking tribe originally located at
the eastern end of Lake Erie between the Neutrals and the Iroquois.
Sometime ally of the Neutrals, later of the Hurons (JR, 8:302, fn 34).
Wiogweronons, see Iroquois: Cayuga
Winnebagoes – Gens Puants – Nation des Puans – Nation of
Stinkards – Ouinipigou (in Algonquian) – Ouinipeg – Ouinipegouek –
Ovenibigoutz – Aoeatsioaenronnons (Huron) – Aweatsiwaenrrhonons: A
Siouan-speaking tribe inhabiting the Fox River valley and shores of
Green Bay (see JR, 15:247, fn 7).
Wolves, Nation of the, see Mahican
Wyandots – Wendats: An amalgam tribe probably constituted of the
remnants of the Petun and the Hurons after their dispersal by the
Yroquet, see Algonquin: Iroquet
Yroquois, see Iroquois
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